The radio is the media outlet that inspires more confidence to Europeans, according to a recent study by the EBU, the European Broadcasting Union, but in Portugal relies both on radio and on television. At the other extreme are the Internet and social networks, in which the Europeans in general and the Portuguese in particular say they do not trust.
What we see an analysis of five years, between 2011 and 2015 is that it progressively, Europeans rely less and less in the media. The European study is based on Eurobarometer data and the EBU created a formula to measure the difference between the proportion of people who responded that “tend to trust” in the media and to which he replied that “tends not to trust.”
the results show that last year we took another step in this trend away from in relation to the media, with the confidence indicator to fall in all media. To have radio and television have lost more points than the other, but they remain in positive territory. Across the EU, 55% of the population tends to rely on the radio, 48% trust the television, 43% say they trust the press, 35% still rely on the Internet and only 20% still accounts that relies on social networks.
in Portugal, the confidence index on the radio is as high as on television. The 37 points recorded for each environment in Portugal put the country in sixth place ranking of confidence in 33 countries. The 24 points of confidence in the press make Portugal the fourth country that has more consideration for this means of social communication. On the Internet the national classification is three negatives (17 place) and social networks is – 25 points (18 place)
In fact, radio is the medium with an absolute majority:. Is the most reliable in 20 of 33 countries analyzed, while the TV ranks first in 13. at the other extreme are social networks, cited as the least reliable in 15 countries, and the press in 14 countries. But according to the EBU, the means that more confidence lost was the Internet: in 2015 was considered reliable in only 12 countries, while in the previous year had been 20
Member States more suspicious with regard to. media group were Cyprus, Hungary and Slovenia, while outside the European Union, Albania is the country that trust in the media in general.
Looking at the map of the 33 countries analyzed in the study concluded that in eastern Europe and southeast do not trust the radio, while the Nordic countries have the highest confidence index. Since television is viewed with confidence in Northern Europe, but with a lot of mistrust in the south, particularly in Greece, Spain and France. As for the press, the country more suspicious is the UK, followed by Serbia and Greece -. Which can be explained by successive wiretapping scandals involving British newspapers and magazines
For Felisbela Lopes, a researcher at the University of Minho, the level of confidence in radio can be explained by this news services have “more succinct and direct, more stripped of sensationalism.” “In a saturated information world, people have more appetite for simple and concise news. The more wordy, more uncertainty raises, “adds
Gustavo Cardoso, ISCTE investigator. – University Institute of Lisbon, notes that” the logic of the tabloid and sensationalism is associated with the press and not to radio and TV , which leads to a widespread perception that journalism seems to be more serious in the last two means. ” In fact, turns out to be a “perception of contamination”.
This disbelief in the media can not be seen outside the European current context, reminds Felisbela Lopes. “There are ramshackle political situations in France, the United Kingdom, Spain; there is a climate of insecurity due to the attacks and the reality of refugees; economically still in crisis. All this transposed to the press has a very subjective record. “If we add to this the fact that people read fewer newspapers, is explained this perceived lack of confidence in the press. What seems “contradictory” is that people say that “do not rely on social networks but they are there.” And they are there to find out what happens not in the field of journalistic information but rather “the sense of voyeurism for the operation of the private sphere.”